ERIC Number: ED171472
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Factors Related to the Provision of Special Education in Sparsely Populated Areas.
Sanche, Robert P.
According to studies published since 1966, a number of factors appear to be related to the delivery of special education services in sparsely populated areas. Education should not attempt to "go it alone" in special education efforts, for the more sparse the population, the more necessary it is to involve the cooperation of other elements within the community. When language-different or culturally-different people are the recipients of services, local workers may be trained and used effectively. In the Four Corners Mental Retardation project, local, bilingual, multicultural paraprofessionals were able to communicate with the predominantly Indian and Spanish target population and achieve far more than what professionals or outsiders could have. Two models from the 1971 Memphis Conference on Emerging Models of Special Education for Sparsely Populated Areas show that sometimes initial stimulus must come from outside the target area. In the Powhatan Project, the Virginia Commonwealth University and Powhatan County, Virginia school district developed a model special education program that used university students to provide special education and counseling services. Parental involvement and participation can be incorporated for early education on multiply handicapped children, as evidenced by the Portage Project in Wisconsin. This document discusses research and related studies and lists 12 factors considered critical in the provision of special education services in sparsely populated areas. (DS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Portage Project; Powhatan Project