ERIC Number: ED171468
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
Outdoor Education: Its Role in Contemporary Education. Taft Campus Occasional Paper No. 20.
Hammerman, Donald R.
Because outdoor education complements the aims of education in a way that indoor instruction cannot, it should therefore provide the setting for experiences that cannot be achieved or achieved as readily in the classroom. Outdoor education provides pupils the chance to come to grips with reality, acquire the principles of democracy, and participate in actual work experiences. Each year greater numbers of pupils and teachers participate in outdoor learning activities and teachers must receive professional preparation for utilizing the out-of-doors as a teaching media. Outdoor education does not require new or radical teaching methods, but it does need imaginative and experimental approaches. The successful teacher must be perceptive to opportunities for capitalizing on pupil interest as it develops. Survival skills may be another crucial implication for this field of study, for schools may some day have to face the need for educating for survival in a war-decimated world. Programs for outdoor education also provide a laboratory setting for educational research and further investigation is needed in many areas, including curriculum, child development, adjustment, behavior, and instruction. Many of our natural areas are fast disappearing and modern educators can little afford to lose these outdoor laboratories for learning or to ignore the out-of-doors as a fundamental aspect of the American heritage. (DS)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Northern Illinois Univ., Oregon. Larado Taft Field Campus. Dept. of Outdoor Teacher Education.
Identifiers: Survival Skills
Note: Paper was adapted from "Historical Analysis of the Socio-Cultural Factors that Influenced the Development of Camping Education", Unpublished Dissertation, 1961, Pennsylvania State University