ERIC Number: ED171464
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Distance, Weight, Height, Area and Temperature Percepts of School Children. Taft Campus Occasional Paper No. XII. Research Report.
Swan, Malcolm D.; Jones, Orville E.
It is essential in communicative situations for teachers and students to have comparable percepts. A paucity of information is available on the percepts held by children regarding quantities and intervals of distance, height, weight, time, temperature and volume or on improvement (if any) that occurs as children mature. Teachers cannot be effective in the teaching-learning process if their own and their pupils' percepts in these areas are unclear, inaccurate, or invalid. To determine the accuracy of school children's (grades 4-12) percepts of intervals and quantities using both English and metric units of measure, this study involved nearly 50 teachers and some 2300 children in field experiences estimating distance, air temperature, weight, height and acreage. Extensive data supported the hypotheses that school children have inaccurate or invalid percepts of intervals and quantities of distance, weight, height, area and temperature and that percepts expressed in English units are more accurate than those expressed in metric units. Results also indicated that: children do estimate some things, such as distance, more accurately than other things, such as weight; some differences because of sex and urban versus rural home location exist; and high school students perform better than younger children. Evidence supported the notion that percepts can be clarified and reinforced through direct, first-hand experience. (NEC)
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Comparative Analysis, Distance, Elementary Secondary Education, Experiential Learning, Field Instruction, Height, Hypothesis Testing, Mathematics Education, Measurement, Metric System, Outdoor Education, Perception, Rural Urban Differences, Science Course Improvement Projects, Science Education, Science Projects, Scientific Concepts, Sex Differences, Teaching Methods, Temperature
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Northern Illinois Univ., Oregon. Larado Taft Field Campus. Dept. of Outdoor Teacher Education.