ERIC Number: ED171437
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Modernization and Changing Sex Role Orientation: The Case of Puerto Rico.
Gilbert, Elmira O.
To examine differential sex role orientations as one conceptual area indicative of psychological adjustments to modernization, questionnaires were administered to agriculture and home economics students at the University of Puerto Rico. There were two types of independent variables: parental (residence, educational attainment levels, family income, father's occupational status, mother's employment status) and personal (sex, college classification, residence, high school type and size of graduating class, attitudes toward sex education in the schools, premarital sex, and actual premarital sexual experience. The sex role orientation scale was based on traditional Hispanic attitudes. Analytical methods used to test hypotheses were the t-test, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression. Hypotheses accepted included: (1) parental--student sex role orientation scores increased as father's occupation scores increased and with increased urban residential experience; (2) personal--females showed more modern sex role orientations than males, and more modern scores were related to increased length of college experience, urban residence, desire for higher education, support for early sex education, and desire for and actual premarital sex. Analysis showed personal characteristics were better predictors of sex role orientations than parental ones. (RS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attitude Change, College Students, Employed Parents, Family Income, Individual Characteristics, Individual Development, Industrialization, Multiple Regression Analysis, Parent Influence, Place of Residence, Predictor Variables, Puerto Ricans, Sex Education, Sex Role, Social Attitudes, Social Change, Urbanization, Values
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.; Auburn Univ., AL. Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology.; Puerto Rico Univ., Rio Piedras. Agricultural Experiment Station.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Modernization; Puerto Rico
Note: Publication contributes to USDA Cooperative State Research Service Southern Regional Project S-114, "Defining and Achieving Life Goals: A Process of Human Resource Development"; Pages 34, 36-38, and 52 may not reproduce well due to small print size; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Association of Agricultural Scientists (New Orleans, Louisiana, February 1979)