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ERIC Number: ED171194
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr-12
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Collegiate Womanhood: 'The Woman Question' in American Higher Education, 1890-1910.
Haines, Patricia Foster
Literature from the late nineteenth century and a case study of Cornell University between 1870 and 1900 are discussed in relation to higher education of women to explore how contemporary theorists and academic administrators dealt with the issues. Theoretical definitions of "equal" opportunities for women in academe shifted from integration--identical treatment--to affirmation of a form of separatism which protected both women and men from "inappropriate" interaction, while positing a unique, positive role for women. The values and goals of the single-sex and coeducational schools were remarkably similar; the difference between the two types seems to have been associated with the sex of major administrators, rather than theoretical foundations for policy. The case of Cornell suggests that coeducation evolved from a relatively simplistic policy of open admissions, into a sophisticated, deliberate "system" for inculcating the values of 'true womanhood.' Suggestions are offered for specific areas that could benefit from increased scrutiny by historians, since it is important to understand the roots of academic separatism within the coeducational as well as single-sex environment. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cornell University NY
Note: Paper presented to the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, April 8-12, 1979)