ERIC Number: ED171134
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
On the Principles of Finnish Orthography. Further Contrastive Papers, Jyvaskyla Contrastive Studies, 5. Reports from the Department of English, No. 7.
This discussion of Finnish orthography notes the regularity of the language in the relation of spelling and sounds. Finnish orthography has been depicted as having no inconsistencies in the spelling; it is phonological or phonemic. The principle of phonological spelling involves two requirements: (1) the actual phonological condition, and (2) the principle of the linearity of the segments. Contrast is made to English orthography, an example of an inconsistent spelling convention. Weak points of Finnish orthography, especially as regards children's learning of reading and writing, are considered. Cases where the spelling of Finnish deviates from its "convergence to pronunciation" concern those cases where there is linguistic information in speech that cannot be conveyed by writing or where writing does not display all the phonological variations in the language. The adoption of many foreign words wherein the relation of letters to sounds deviates from the native system, is described. Implications of Finnish orthography for foreign language learning are also addressed. (SW)
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, English, Finnish, Language Patterns, Orthographic Symbols, Phonetic Transcription, Phonetics, Phonology, Spelling
Department of English, University of Jyvaskyla, 40100 Jyvaskyla 10, Finland
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Jyvaskyla Univ. (Finland). Dept. of English.