ERIC Number: ED171110
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Conceptualisation in Second Language Reading.
Ulijn, J. M.
Second language reading research based on a psycholinguistic approach was undertaken. A model of the language user derived from the literature on first language acquisition was used. The role of conceptualization on second language reading, including the effects of interference and other factors in the first language, is discussed, and experimental evidence is presented. Educational implications are also considered. The model of the language user in man consists of six main systems: the speech or script recognizer, the sentence parser, the conceptual system, the lexicon, the sentence generator, and the articulator or handwriter. The functioning of the sentence parser and its reliance on the lexicon and the conceptual system is a central concern. First and second language contrasts and reading comprehension is discussed. A research approach of the SHADOK-project was replicated in which Dutch and French speaking adults read a French instruction for finding their way in an imaginary French town. Two sentence versions, one with a parallel structure and the other with a contrastive structure, were used. Reading in both the first and second languages was positively influenced by preliminary training with a city map. Conceptual analysis overruled syntactic analysis, and the difference between contrastive and parallel versions was minimal. A second experiment used the SHADOK apparatus instead of the city plan and translations of the text showed more difficulty for contrastive than for parallel versions. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress of Applied Linguistics (5th, Montreal, Canada, August 1978)