ERIC Number: ED170994
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Conservation in Deaf and Normal-Hearing Children.
Rittenhouse, Robert K.; Spiro, Rand J.
The paper describes an experiment in which 52 deaf children (7-19 years old) and 36 normal hearing children (7-16 years old) were given several Piagetian conservation tasks to determine if the conventional instructions are the basis for conservation failure in deaf children and to examine the order in which deaf Ss acquired various forms of conservation. Research is reviewed which suggests that deaf children behave in a cognitive manner different from their normal hearing peers. It is explained that all Ss received number, liquid, weight, and volume conservation tasks under two instructional conditions (conventionally and in a modified manner with instruction changed to make the conservation attribute clear). Results are said to have indicated no statistically significant difference between the two populations in the order of conservation acquisition under either set of instructional conditions. The facilitative effect of the attribute specific instructions in both populations is seen to suggest that conventional Piagetian conservation problems may underestimate the cognitive level of children. Findings are said to indicate that deaf children should not be viewed as psychologically unique, and that general rules in teaching should apply to the teaching of deaf students. C(L)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Illinois State Univ., Normal. Coll. of Education.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Piaget (Jean)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Convention, The Council for Exceptional Children (57th, Dallas, Texas, April 22-27, 1979 Session B-1)