ERIC Number: ED170856
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Bases of Power Among Public School Principals.
Zirkel, Perry A.; Guditus, Charles W.
In 1960, French and Raven postulated five bases of supervisory power: legitimate, expert, referent, reward, and coercive. Research studies in the middle and late 1960s in various work settings revealed the effectiveness of legitimate and expert supervisory power on worker behavior and satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine if this pattern would be manifested among public school teachers in the late 1970s. The Bachman questionnaire was administered to 683 public school teachers employed in Connecticut and Pennsylvania. The results generally paralleled the pattern of previous studies. In general it was found that legitimate and expert power were for public school teachers, like other organizational role groups and across various situational subcategories, the preferred base for supervisions that expert and referent power were for teachers the highest correlates of satisfaction with supervisor's performance; and that the levels of institutional and interpersonal control perceived by teachers for themselves and for principals were also significantly and directly related to satisfaction with the principal's performance. (Author/IRT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Connecticut; Pennsylvania
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)