ERIC Number: ED170687
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May-25
Reference Count: 0
The Semantic Content of Text, Pictures, and Events. Research Report No. 1, Series B.
Stone, David E.
The degree to which printed text and graphics complement each other to facilitate reading comprehension was studied with the following four research tools: a system for analyzing text and graphics to reveal aspects of their form and content; procedures to permit analysis of both verbal and nonverbal recall measures of comprehension, allowing comparisons to be made with the original passage; eye track programs written to display text and graphics, collect data on readers' eye movements, and analyze the collected data; and a computer data analysis system. Research results indicated that certain specific types of information appeared to be better understood when presented in a particular form of text, graphics, or combinations of the two. The following specific results emerged: spatial or locative information is more completely and accurately understood when presented graphically than in text when the semantic content of each form is equivalent; information must be written and read in linear sequence; locative information presented in text form leads to comprehension difficulties; and sequential information is more effectively communicated in text than in illustrations. (Illustrations are included.) (DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell Univ.
Note: Paper presented at the Symposium on Research in Graphic Communication (Oxford, England, May 25, 1978)