ERIC Number: ED170393
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Quality of Municipal Services, Central City Decline, and Middle-Class Flight. Research Report R78-1.
Katzman, Martin T.
The emphasis in this report is on how public service quality affects urban decline and middle-class flight. It is pointed out that the key role in decline is played by neighborhood "external diseconomies," which result from the way municipal services are financed, produced, and distributed in metropolitan areas. It is also pointed out that changes in public service quality are influenced by the aggregation of individual housing choices. Pertinent bodies of literature dealing with the effects of changes in municipal service quality on residential location and urban decline are reviewed. The most substantial research focuses on integration as it influences white enrollment in public school districts. These studies suggest that most urban school districts in the country have been undergoing decline since the late 1960s and that the rate of white flight is higher in districts with higher proportions of blacks. The other studies reviewed focus upon the effect of municipal services on housing demand, the impact of municipal services on housing demand, the impact of municipal service quality and taxes upon housing prices, the population distribution between city and suburb or among suburbs and residential mobility. Implications for public policies are outlined. (Author/EB)
Descriptors: Blacks, Declining Enrollment, Desegregation Effects, Housing Opportunities, Metropolitan Areas, Population Distribution, Public Education, Residential Patterns, School Desegregation, Social Science Research, Social Services, Urban Problems, Urban to Suburban Migration, Whites
CRP Publications, Department of City and Regional Planning, Harvard University, Gund Hall 311, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 ($5.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Economic Development Administration (DOC), Washington, DC. Office of Economic Research.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Dept. of City and Regional Planning.
Identifiers: White Flight