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ERIC Number: ED170367
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Functional Approach to Analyzing Treatments in ATI Reearch.
Fagan, Robert
A persistent problem in aptitude-treatment interaction (ATI) research has been the need for a better conceptualization of instructional treatments. The concerns are important in the analysis of instructional treatments: the importance of considering the psychological processes called upon by the instructional treatment, and the ecological validity or generalizability of the treatment. Gagne suggests eight functions of instruction which describe the situation, involving: motivation objectives; attention, recall or prerequisite knowledge, learning guidance, retention, transfer of training, performance, and feedback. These functions are discussed in relation to questions a researcher might ask under each of two conditions: (1) when selecting aptitudes, given that treatments have already been selected; or (2) when selecting or developing treatments, given that aptitudes have been decided upon. The final system of the paper addresses the benefits that ATI research might derive from studies that examine the functions of instruction. This approach would help ATI researchers focus on the nature of the psychological processes called upon in the treatment situation; narrow the field of relevant aptitudes; and determine relevant outcome and outcome variables. (Author/GDC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (63rd, San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)