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ERIC Number: ED170076
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Reference Count: 0
[A Profile of Williamsburg County, South Carolina].
Lilley, Stephen C.; McLean, Edward L.
Williamsburg County, South Carolina, is an almost entirely rural area near the coast. Although nearly 50% of the population is under 21, there has been a sharp decline in population since its high in 1950. The outmigration, prounounced for black youth, is caused by a lack of industrial opportunities, although there is slow, steady industrial growth in the county. Although the economic base of the county is agriculture, the per capita income is low due to the seasonal nature of many jobs. Agriculture itself if changing, with fewer farmers on larger farms producing $57.5 million annually in farm crops. Crop diversification, introduced in the 1920's, has made the county a leader in agricultural production in South Carolina. The black population is twice that of the white but a "home rule" form of government, desegregation, and civil rights have caused an equitable racial balance in county government. Seven local leaders interviewed in 1978 are generally optimistic about current and future development in Williamsburg County. They note recent improvements in government organization and county services, including the Williamsburg Council on Aging. The Council, chartered in 1974, provides county-wide programs and services for the elderly on an annual budget of $185,000. (SB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Agricultural Production, Attitudes, Blacks, Community Development, Community Leaders, Community Services, Demography, Economic Development, Geography, Industrialization, Local Government, Local History, Migration Patterns, Older Adults, Population Trends, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Topography
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, Clemson.; Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Clemson Univ., SC. Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology.
Identifiers: South Carolina (Williamsburg County); United States (South)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Association of Agricultural Scientists (76th, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 4-7, 1979); Publication contributes to the USDA Cooperative State Research Service Southern Regional Project S-120, "Social Organization for Development of Low-Income Rural Counties"