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ERIC Number: ED170075
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Reference Count: 0
[A Profile of Union County, South Carolina].
Lilley, Stephen C.; McLean, Edward L.
Now almost totally dependent on textile production, heavily forested Union County, South Carolina, was primarily agricultural until the 20th century. By 1970, 65% of the population depended on manufacturing and only 4% of the workers on farming. From 1920 to 1970 the population was characterized by a rural-to-urban shift and by outmigration, especially of blacks, resulting in a limited work force. Faced with textile mill closings and the highest unemployment in the country in the first quarter of 1975, county leaders began a program to diversify Union County's economic base. Five leaders interviewed in 1978 mentioned the numerous benefits of the "Great Towns" program, begun in 1976. Other development projects mentioned, some of which were federally funded, included manufacturing expansion, transportation, educational facilities, health and other service improvements, and especially, a Farmers Market in downtown Union established as a joint effort by city, county, and other officials. In addition to benefitting area consumers and the county's few farmers, the quality of life and expectations for future collaboration improved unexpectedly. Leaders were cautiously optimistic for the future, provided that industry be diversified, established leadership be rejuvenated, and technical/vocational training be established locally. (SB)
Descriptors: Blacks, Community Leaders, Community Problems, Community Services, Economic Development, Educational Facilities, Employment Patterns, Farmers, Federal Aid, Geography, Industrialization, Local History, Migration Patterns, Quality of Life, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural to Urban Migration, Topography
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, Clemson.; Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Clemson Univ., SC. Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology.
Identifiers: Farmers Markets; Great Towns Program; South Carolina (Union County); Textile Industry; United States (South)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Association of Agricultural Scientists (76th, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 4-7, 1979); Publication contributes to the USDA Cooperative State Research Service Southern Regional Project S-120, "Social Organization for Development of Low-Income Rural Counties"