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ERIC Number: ED170062
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Development of Time, Speed, and Distance Concepts.
Richards, D. Dean; Siegler, Robert S.
This paper reports two experimental studies of the development of time, speed and distance concepts in children. In Experiment I subjects (12 in each of four age groups: 5-, 8-, 11-year-olds, and adults) were asked to judge which of two electric trains on parallel tracks went faster, for the longer distance, or for more time. Subject's knowledge of each concept was assessed by a method which assumes that cognitive development can be characterized as a set of rules. Two questions were addressed: what are the knowledge states leading to the understanding of the concepts and in what order are the concepts mastered. Results indicate that 5-year-olds equate time, speed and distance with the relative stopping points of moving objects. Adults possess full understanding of the three concepts. Many children mastered both the speed and distance concepts by age 8 and the majority mastered both by age 11. The time concept appears to be mastered sometime between age 11 and adulthood. Experiment II explored the use of rule assessments to predict ability to respond to different types of training. A pretest, feedback training, posttest procedure was followed. It is concluded that it is possible to predict differences in children's ability to acquire new knowledge once their inital knowledge states can be specified. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Rules (Cognitive)
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)