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ERIC Number: ED170053
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in the Relationship of Recall to Subvocal Speech in Preschool Children.
Garrity, Linda I.
The purpose of this followup electromyographical study was to gain further insight on previous research findings indicating that subvocal speech is significantly correlated with recall for preschool boys but not for girls. Twenty-two preschool children (11 boys, 11 girls; 50-67 months old) participated in 12 trials using high-labial and low-labial pictures as the stimuli. Each trial consisted of a stimulus presentation period (SPP), and a 20-seconds pre-recall delay period (DP). To facilitate comparison, the children were divided into four subgroups; younger and older boys and younger and older girls, all similar in IQ. The major findings showed that: (1) the older boys' subgroup was the only one that obtained significant correlations between recall and subvocal speech; (2) the young girls' subvocalization during picture presentation tended to occur independently of delay-period subvocalization, whereas young boys either subvocalized during both the picture presentation period and the delay period, or during neither period; (3) all four subgroups vocalized on almost all zero-recall trials; (4) 47% of the pictures not subvocalized by the younger girls were recalled; 25 to 27% of the pictures not subvocalized by older girls and younger boys were recalled, whereas, only 9% of the pictures not subvocalized by older boys were recalled. In conclusion, it appears that girls are relying upon methods other than subvocal speech to help them recall. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Subvocal Speech
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (86th, Toronto, Canada, August 28-September 1, 1978)