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ERIC Number: ED170052
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Relation of Children's Activity Preference to Sex-Typed Behavior.
Carpenter, C. Jan; And Others
The relationship between aspects of preschool socialization experiences and sex-typed behavior was investigated in this study. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) that preschool play activities differ consistently in structure level, (2) that there are sex differences in participation in activities classified as high or low structure, and (3) that children of both sexes are more compliant in highly structured activities and show more novel use of materials and self-initiated activity changes in low structure activities. The behaviors and activities of 83 children, ages 2 1/2 to 5, and their teachers in five preschool classrooms were coded by trained observers during daily free-choice activity periods. The activities were coded for degree of structure by the amounts of individual and group feedback provided by the teacher. An additional index of structure consisted of a parent questionnaire concerning availability of an adult model in the home for 20 analogous activities. Preschool activities were found to differ in level of structure on all indices. Boys participated more than girls in the low-structure activities, and girls participated more than boys in the high-structure activities for all indices. Compliance occurred more often in the high- than low-structure activities as indexed by feedback, but the reverse occurred on the index of modeling. Novel behavior occurred more often in low-structure activities on the index of individual feedback. Compliance and novelty were a function of activity, not of sex. Sex differences independent of activity were found only for self-initiated activity. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Structured Activities; Unstructured Activities
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (86th, Toronto, Canada, August 28-September 1, 1978)