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ERIC Number: ED170031
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Effect of Protagonist's Sex on Assessing Gender Differences in Moral Reasoning.
Garwood, S. Gray; And Others
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of protagonist's sex on moral reasoning ability. The moral reasoning of 335 white, middle class high school and college students was assessed by Rest's Defining Issues Test (DIT), in either its traditional format (all male protagonists) or an experimental version (all female protagonists). It was hypothesized that each sex should demonstrate higher levels of moral reasoning when responding to dilemmas with same sex protagonists. A Sex by Age by Form Multivariate Analysis of Variance revealed expected and significant age effects but no effects due to protagonist's sex (Form). However, there were significant gender effects, with females typically scoring at higher levels of moral reasoning than males. These findings contradict Rest's claims that the DIT is relatively free of any sex bias. They also contradict claims made by Gilligan (1977), Maccoby & Jacklin (1974), and Holstein (1976). Findings implicate task characteristics as a possible mediating variable promoting gender differences. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)