ERIC Number: ED169985
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr-11
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Locus of Control to Marital Status, Age, and Sex of Community College Students.
Frerichs, Allen H.; Ortman, Richard E.
A sample of 1,190 transfer and occupational students enrolled in four community colleges were administered the Rotter Internal-External Scale (I-E Scale) and asked to report their college program (transfer or occupational), their sex, their age (below 20, 21-25, and above 25), and their marital status (married or single). The I-E Scale measured the extent to which students exhibited internal control (a perception of positive or negative events as being a consequence of their own actions) or external control (a belief that events in their life are generally unrelated to personal efforts). Results indicated that the transfer students had a lower mean I-E Scale score (were more internal) than the occupational students. Married students in both groups were significantly more internal than the single students. Occupational students over 26 years of age were significantly more internal than transfer students in their age group. Female transfer students scored significantly lower on the I-E Scale than the males, whereas the scores of the occupational students were nearly identical on the sex variable. Implications of findings are discussed. (MB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Rotter Internal External Locus of Control Scale
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)