ERIC Number: ED169461
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov-20
Reference Count: 0
The Nature of Stress in Middle Age.
Parent, Mary K.
Prompted by the lack of information about the post-parental, pre-retirement generation, this study identified the nature of stress in the lives of a stratified cluster sample of 113 men and women who were 45 through 64 years of age. In semi-structured, in-depth interviews with experienced M.S.W. social workers, subjects identified the stressful events of the previous year, the major stressor of middle aged, and the cluster of events surrounding the major event. Stressors were classified by source (internal/external), type (loss, threat, chronicity), system most affected (body, personality, family, socio-economic) and focus (self/other). Four age groups were compared on these factors and sex, race and social rank differences were identified. Appraisal of events as major stressors (type) varied significantly by age and social rank and a trend was noted by sex. Major internal events were associated usually with outer related events. Women were more other-focused than men, though other-focused stressors were high in all categories of age and sex. Results may indicate that inability to cope is a factor in aging. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference of the Gerontological Society (30th, San Francisco, California, November, 1978)