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ERIC Number: ED169146
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jun-20
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Historical Basis of a Sex-Segregated Labour Force: Its Implications for Women and Education.
Arbus, Judith
By segregating women into the less responsible and lower paid jobs, the Canadian capitalist system has been able to have a source of cheap labor which represented no competition to the existing male labor force. For example, during the Great Depression, as available teaching positions dwindled, women teachers were compelled to accept small town and rural positions at low pay and with exploitative working conditions. Legislation and school board policy also discriminated against women, especially married women, by creating rules designed to prevent them from getting better-paid positions. The overall effect of sex segregation in the labor market has been to confirm women's alien status as workers. Stereotypes resulting from the segregation of labor have prevented women from moving into new fields. The capitalist system's requirement for cheap labor has modified social attitudes affecting women's consciousness, reduced their labor power, and ensured that all women still seeking employment have done so under conditions favorable to capital and in areas which would not threaten the hierarchy of labor. (Author/WI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Sex Segregation
Note: Paper presented at the Congress of Education (1st, Toronto, Canada, June 20, 1978)