ERIC Number: ED169140
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May-15
Reference Count: 0
Diagnostics and Psychotherapy with Minority Groups: The Importance of Sociocultural Factors in the Training of Clinical Psychologists.
Sanua, Victor D.
There are problems in using the traditional approaches of psychotherapy with various ethnic minority and national groups in the United States. Mental health practitioners, besides making errors in diagnosis, may also be handicapped in developing a therapeutic relationship with the patient. Numerous studies indicate that sociocultural factors tend to influence the efficiency of psychotherapy. Social class, racial status, and command of English all affect patient-therapist communication. Those who most frequently seek and persist in therapy are upper-middle to upper class and about half are Jews. Although some techniques have begun to be developed for dealing with lower class minority patients more research is necessary. Poor prognosis for lower class clients has more to do with attitudes of the therapist than attributes of the client (Lerner and Fiske, 1973). Hollingshead and Redlich (1958) found that upper class patients rarely went to state mental institutions, while lower class patients often did. A realization of the importance of environmental and sociocultural factors in psychotherapy will make for a better rapport between therapist and patient and, thus, more effective treatment. (Author/WI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual convention of the New York State Psychological Association (40th, Kiamesha Lake, New York, May 13-15, 1977)