ERIC Number: ED169129
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Coping Styles That Predict Achievement in Germany, Japan, and America.
Peck, Robert F.; And Others
Coping skills and work motivation were investigated as predictors of academic achievement in Japan, West Germany, and Austin, Texas. Data were gathered from a sample of 3,600 ten and fourteen-year olds. Aptitude was measured by the Raven Progressive Matrices; achievement was measured by standardized tests in reading and mathematics, and by grade point average (GPA). A number of instruments were developed to assess coping skills and work motivation. Three general conclusions were made. (1) The amount of total variance explained was substantial, except for the case of GPA in the German high schools. (2) The coping/motivation measures accounted for more of the variance in achievement than did aptitude, at age 14, in all cases except math and GPA in Germany. Even at age ten, these measures accounted for the largest portion of the explained variance in reading in all countries. (3) There are major differences in the factors that account for achievement in these three countries; and there are age differences that also vary from one country to another. The coping and motivational factors which had the most power in predicting reading achievement and GPA in 14-year olds in each country are listed. (Author/GDC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Research and Development Center for Teacher Education.
Identifiers: Japan; Texas (Austin); United States; West Germany
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (86th, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 28-September 1, 1978)