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ERIC Number: ED169081
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Attitudes Towards the School, the Teacher and the Classmates at the Class Level and the Individual Level. No. 75.
Gustafsson, Jan-Eric
Attitudes toward school and three personality characteristics (introversion, impulsivity, and emotional stability) were measured in Swedish students from 60 sixth grade classes. The School and We Questionnaire (SAW) and a Swedish translation of the High School Personality Questionnaire were completed by 1,319 students. Secondary data analysis was conducted at two levels of aggregation: pupils within classes, and differences between classes. The same factors were found at both levels: (1) attitude toward school and schoolwork; (2) attitude toward teacher; (3) relations with classmates; (4) social relations in the entire class; and (5) class behavior or discipline. At the two levels of data analysis, these factors accounted for different amounts of variance. At the class level, factors reflecting attitudes toward teacher and characteristics of the entire class were strong; while at the individual level, factors reflecting school attitudes and the individual's relations with classmates were strong. Impulsivity accounted for the most variance in SAW scores. Within a class, impulsivity was negatively correlated with attitudes toward school and teacher. Between-class analysis indicated a high negative correlation between impulsivity and class discipline. Introversion was negatively correlated with peer relations, while stability was positively correlated. (Author/GDC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Gothenburg Univ. (Sweden). Inst. of Education.
Identifiers: School and We Questionnaire; Sweden