ERIC Number: ED168716
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Infant-Peer Sociability: Its Structure, Content and Situational Variability.
Vandell, Deborah Lowe
In this study of early peer interaction, 32 first born infants (16 boys, 16 girls) were videotaped in pairs at 6, 9 and 12 months. Each 15 minute session consisted of Toys Present (TP) and Toys Absent(TA) conditions counterbalanced across dyads. Three questions were addressed: (1) Are infants as young as 6 months capable of interacting with a peer? (2) What type of social acts are used during these early encounters? (3) Do toys facilitate the interactions? Successful attempts to interact occurred about 38% of the time. Interactions of the form "social behavior/social response" were the most common exchange even at 6 months, although less social contingencies were also common. Within the sequences, vocalizations, smiles and touches were the most frequent social acts used to initiate, maintain and terminate the interactions. Toys were found to have a significant effect on the interactions. More and longer sequences occurred in the absence of toys, and every social act with the exception of object related social acts was more frequent in the TA condition. There were indications, however, that the objects became more important towards the end of the first year. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas Univ., Dallas.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)