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ERIC Number: ED168715
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Parental Teaching: Has the Panacea Been Right Under Our Noses?
Bausell, R. Barker; Bausell, Carole R.
This brief essay argues that the best way to improve student achievement is to increase parental teaching of children prior to school entry. The essay is accompanied by an annotated bibliography summarizing 14 empirical studies which document a significant positive relationship between parental teaching and student achievement. It is contended that it is well known that the skills children bring to school are far more important than anything that happens to them in school. The explanation for social class differences in achievement is that the experiences of children from high socioeconomic status (SES) homes are more like the educational experiences in the school than are those of low SES children. These achievement differences can be countered by changing the home experiences. The three most effective manipulable variables influencing achievement are (1) time on task, (2) student/teacher ratio and (3) motivation. Although there are limits on how much can be done about these variables in school, they can readily be maximized in the home, which again argues for parental instruction. Findings of the 14 studies cited suggest that the essential role of parents in the education of their children must be recognized and that steps must be taken to encourage parental teaching. More than one-half of the essay consists of an annotated bibliography of the 14 studies cited. (Author/BH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)