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ERIC Number: ED168709
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Current Issues in Social Development.
Hartup, Willard W.
This paper reviews the literature concerned with the effect of various social systems (e.g., the family and the school) on the growth of social competence in the individual child and makes suggestions for further research. The discussion employs the contemporary view of socialization which emphasizes reciprocal causality (i.e., the reciprocal consequences ensuing each time a child interacts with another individual). The first section deals with research on the major social worlds of the child--family, peers, and school--and stresses both how those worlds affect the child and vice versa. For example, the relations between a child's parents will influence the child's social development, but the child's actions also influence the parents' relationship. The second section discusses the interrelationship among the child's social worlds, with a focus on how family relations affect peer relations and vice versa. Considerable use is made of primate studies in arguing that secure family relations have important consequences for peer relations, although the nature of the social interaction differs greatly between the two systems. It is concluded that family relations provide the basis for the child's exploration of the social world which is necessary for social adaptation. Throughout the document, recommendations are made for more detailed empirical analysis of the child's interactions with others and their effects on social development. An extensive bibliography is appended. (Author/BH)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Children, Environmental Influences, Family Influence, Family Life, Family Relationship, Interaction Process Analysis, Interpersonal Competence, Literature Reviews, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence, Peer Relationship, Primatology, Psychological Studies, Security (Psychology), Siblings, Social Adjustment, Social Behavior, Social Development, Social Environment, Socialization, Student School Relationship
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Translations; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979) ; Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document