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ERIC Number: ED168008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Social Class Differences in Communication.
Williams, Frederick
"Language and Poverty," a volume published in 1970 that dealt with various topics concerning language and social class differences, argued that in educational programs for the children of the poor it is important not to confuse differences with deficits. It indicated that poor children had adequate language structures and skills for their environments and that comparing their language to standard American English and calling the difference a deficit had no basis in linguistic or communication theory. Since then, language programs have moved to more pluralistic strategies of instruction. Differences in situations demand different language behavior of people, which suggests the concept of "communication repertoire"--the combination of the communication needs of an individual and the ability to meet those needs. Media usage by lower class people for entertainment and escape and by middle class people for hard information is perhaps an example of socially stratified communication behavior. Theoretical attention should be paid to the proposition that an individual's range of spoken behaviors fits with the range of media behaviors, together forming a communication repertoire that correlates with social stratification. (TJ)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (61st, Seattle, Washington, August 13-16, 1978)