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ERIC Number: ED167860
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Controversy, Defensiveness, and Cognitive Perspective-Taking.
Tjosvold, Dean; And Others
A group of 45 undergraduates discussed a moral issue with a confederate who had the same opinion (no-controversy) or opposite opinion (controversy). Subjects in the controversy conditions were induced to have a high level of defensiveness by a disconfirmation of personal competence or a low level of defensiveness by a confirmation. Subjects in no-controversy indicated more conceptual conflict (uncertainty) and were more accurate in taking the cognitive perspective of the confederate than were subjects in the confirm no-controversy condition. These results support Piaget's and Kohlberg's views of the role of controversy in perspective-taking and cognitive development and Berlyne's theory of conceptual conflict and epistemic curiosity. Subjects in the disconfirm controversy condition experienced more uncertainty and were more accurate in cognitive perspective-taking than were subjects in the confirm controversy condition. Subjects in the disconfirm controversy condition also experienced more internal distress, derogated the confederate and the confederate's position and arguments to a greater extent, and indicated greater closed-mindedness in responding to the confederate and the confederate's arguments than did subjects in the confirm controversy condition. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Defining Issues Test
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)