ERIC Number: ED167299
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Farm Population of the United States: 1977. Current Population Reports: Farm Population.
Banks, Vera J.; DeAre, Diana
The farm population has declined fairly steadily for more than half a century. By 1970 the proportion of the U.S. population residing on farms had fallen to about 5 per cent, and by 1977 had dropped to 3.6 per cent. About 1.4 per cent of the farm population was of Spanish origin (represented for the first time in this year's report), as compared to 5.4 per cent of the nonfarm population. The farm population had a higher proportion White than the nonfarm population and a lower proportion Black. In 1977 the median age of farm residents was 35.2 years, as compared with 29.1 years for nonfarm residents. The farm population had a higher proportion of persons 55 years and over than the nonfarm population, and a slightly lower proportion of children under age 14. Farm families were more likely than nonfarm families to be of the married-couple type, and were less likely to be maintained by women. Although a lower proportion of farm families had own children under 18 present (because of the older age structure of the farm population), those who did have children tended to have a larger number than corresponding nonfarm families. Both the South and combined North and West regions evidenced an increase in the proportion of the farm resident labor force engaged in nonagricultural pursuits. The median income of farm families continued to lag behind that of nonfarm families. (BR)
Descriptors: Age, Agriculture, Birth Rate, Blacks, Census Figures, Children, Demography, Ethnic Groups, Family (Sociological Unit), Farmers, Income, Labor Force, Population Trends, Rural Farm Residents, Spanish Americans, Tables (Data), Whites
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (ERS-P-27-49, $1.30)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD. Population Div.; Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to small print size of original document; For related document, see ED 148 522 and ED 161 607