ERIC Number: ED167276
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Age and Sex Differences in Interaction with a Human Infant.
Blakemore, Judith E. O.
This study examines age and sex differences in nurturant behaviors displayed toward a male infant by 60 subjects, both male and female, from three age groups: preschoolers, preadolescents, and young adults. The infant was 12 months old at the onset of the study and 16 months when the testing was completed. Each subject was videotaped for seven minutes in a room which contained the infant and infant toys as well as books and magazines appropriate to the age level of the subject. The instructions indicated to the subjects that the infant's interactions with others were being studied and that the subjects were free to choose whether or not to interact with him. Subject behaviors in the categories of proximity behaviors, vocalizations, and play were time-sampled from the resulting videotapes. Results indicated significant sex and age differences in the frequency of nurturant behaviors. In general, males and preschoolers interacted less with the infant than did females and subjects in the older age groups. Consistent sex differences were found at all three age levels. (Author/BD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)