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ERIC Number: ED167258
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Developmental Perceptual Exploration and Organization.
Randhawa, Bikkar S.; And Others
This study investigated the process of perceptual exploration and organization of children as a function of age and sex in two experiments. In Experiment I, 3- to 5-year-old children named the pictures of nine familiar objects arranged in 3 x 3 matrices (exploration tasks) and indicated preference for objects represented in pairs (pair-completion tasks). A measure of sequential organization was obtained. Responses were categorized into six patterns of exploration: nonsystematic, right to left, left to right, complex pattern, top to bottom, and bottom to top. Results indicated systematic developmental trends. Analysis of variance revealed that the tendency to use sequential organization increased with age and that this effect was dependent upon sex. In Experiment II, 5- to 8-year-old children named the pictures of nine objects and 25 objects arranged in square matrices and constructed arrays in a 4 x 4 grid. The added construction task eliminated the verbal and linear aspects of the exploration task. Results of the exploration task in Experiment II supported the earlier findings. In the construction task, developmental increases with age were not found. On both kinds of tasks, the children tended to organize the matrix in the left to right pattern even when no organized pattern was required for task completion. A cognitive explanation of these findings was preferred over a psychomotor explanation. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Perceptual Exploration
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)