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ERIC Number: ED167256
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Oct
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Method for Naturalistic Observation of the Childbirth Environment: With Application to Theory Building and Research.
Nicholson, Joanne; Standley, Kay
An instrument for naturalistic observation in the childbirth environment is presented. Observable features of the parturient woman's physical state, stimulus contact she experiences, and themes of conversations with the woman are recorded using a system of categories to time-sample in cycles of 30 seconds for observing followed by 30 seconds for recording. A conceptual model is presented which highlights data provided by the childbirth observation instrument. The focus of the model is maternal coping during labor and delivery and postpartum evaluation of the experience. The model emphasizes interactions between individual physiological and psychological characteristics and physical and social environmental characteristics. The childbirth model encompasses general determinants of childbirth behavior, cognitive appraisal of childbirth, the woman's psychophysiological adaptability, childbirth environment stimuli, and the outcomes of childbirth competence and postpartum childbirth affect. Sample variables are suggested for each component of the model. Relationships to be tested are outlined in sets of sample hypotheses. Additional research applications of the childbirth observation instrument are discussed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Childbirth Environment; Time Sampling
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 1978)