ERIC Number: ED167011
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Universities and Governments: The Comparative Politics of Higher Education. A Review Essay. Yale Higher Education Research Group Working Paper 31.
Levy, Daniel C.
Part of a series of studies on higher education in different countries, this essay examines relations between universities and governments from a comparative perspective. Two major themes that appear in the literature are the determinants of increased government control and the extent of that power; six recent books that address these themes are discussed. The most frequently cited determinant of increased government control of universities is system expansion. Newer institutions generally lack the power of more established institutions (the size, tradition, or alumni), and proliferation increases the need for active coordination. Expansion has also changed intra-university structures in a way that stimulates government involvement. Demands that universities meet social, economic, and political needs beyond the campus also affect government control. Government control over the university has increased as overall government control has increased in most socio-economic spheres. The extent of government control and patterns of control in different countries are examined. Centralized control; autonomy and academic freedom; the power of coordinating boards; and control over appointive, academic, and financial policies are considered. (SW)
Descriptors: College Administration, Comparative Education, Coordination, Educational Cooperation, Federal Regulation, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Institutional Autonomy, Literature Reviews, Political Influences, Postsecondary Education as a Field of Study, Social Influences
Higher Education Research Group, Institution for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, 1732 Yale Station, New Haven, CT 06520
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Lilly Endowment, Inc., Indianapolis, IN.
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Inst. for Social and Policy Studies.