ERIC Number: ED166239
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Oct
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Predictive Validity of the Tests of Scientific Thinking. Research Bulletin RB-77-6. (May 1977). GRE Board Professional Report GREB No. 74-6P.
Ward, William C.; Frederiksen, Norman
This study provides preliminary evidence as to the validity of measures derived from the "Tests of Scientific Thinking" (TST). The TST and the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) were compared with regard to their relationships to interests, self-appraisals, and accomplishments of students during their first year of graduate work in psychology. Criterion variables were obtained from a questionnaire mailed to students near the end of the spring academic semester. Difficulties in data analysis were created both by the item-sampling character of the experimental test data, and by a relatively small rate of return of questionnaires. It is possible to show, however, that the correlations do exhibit appreciable nonchance variance with regard to consistency across tests and across related questionnaire variables. The GRE tests were found to be more effective than the experimental instruments in predicting quality of the department attended, but the experimental tests were more effective in two other domains: self-appraisals of knowledge of psychology and skills in psychological activities; and professional accomplishments such as research, publications, and teaching. (Author/ROF)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Entrance Examinations, Creative Thinking, Creativity Tests, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Item Sampling, Occupational Tests, Performance Tests, Predictive Validity, Psychology, Questionnaires, Scientific Methodology, Self Evaluation, Test Validity
Graduate Record Examinations, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey 08541 (free while supplies last)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: Graduate Record Examinations; Tests of Scientific Thinking