ERIC Number: ED165285
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Toward a Definition and Measurement of Equal Educational Opportunity. Final Report.
Connecticut Association for School Administration, Hartford.; Connecticut Univ., Storrs. School of Education.
Four questions were asked in this study: (1) Can educational opportunity be defined in terms of measurable alternatives? (2) Can the variables be grouped into separate meaningful factors? (3) What are the relationships among the factors? (4) Are the towns and school districts that are disadvantaged under one of the factors also disadvantaged under other factors? The first question was answered by examining educational literature to find that educational opportunity has been defined by school resources, socioeconomic status, attitudes toward education, and achievement. The remaining questions were answered by compiling data on 27 Connecticut towns. Data on school resources and socioeconomic status were gathered from the U.S. Census, the Connecticut State Department of Education, and the Connecticut Education Association. Attitude and achievement data were gathered through instruments developed by the researchers. In answer to the second question, factor analysis revealed that within each interpretation of educational opportunity there are factors that are statistically significant, interpretable, and educationally meaningful. Measured relationships among the definitions of equal educational opportunity, as examined by question three, are highly variable. Finally, although towns can be ranked by relative standing on each of the four definitions, rankings vary according to definition used. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Community Attitudes, Educational Attitudes, Educational Research, Educational Resources, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Factor Analysis, School District Spending, Socioeconomic Status, Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
Thomas H. Jones, Dept. of Educational Administration, Box 0-32, Storrs, Connecticut 06268 ($3.50)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Connecticut Association for School Administration, Hartford.; Connecticut Univ., Storrs. School of Education.
Note: Final report of the Committee on School Finance and Equal Educational Opportunity