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ERIC Number: ED165103
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Verbalization of Schemata Over Time: Investigation of Changes for Fifth Graders and Adults.
Garner, Ruth
Studies of 42 fifth-grade students and 36 college undergraduates were conducted to test changes in verbalizations of schemata over time and in response to informational jolts. In both experiments, subjects were asked to write everything they could think of about dinosaurs and then to put those ideas in order of importance. Two weeks later, the subjects were divided into three groups: one was asked to repeat the earlier task; the second was asked to provide information in response to the traditionally taught statement, "Dinosaurs are cold-blooded ancestors of today's reptiles"; and the third group was asked to respond to the recently proposed statement, "Dinosaurs are the warm-blooded ancestors of today's birds" (the informational jolt). Subjects were asked to put their ideas in order of importance and then were asked to indicate the statement with which they were more comfortable. It was found that language users responded to informational jolts and altered verbalized schemata. Verbalized schemata changes occurred over time and changed differentially according to the presence or absence of an informational jolt. (TJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Schemata
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (28th, St. Petersburg Beach, Florida, November 30-December 2, 1978)