ERIC Number: ED165090
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Development of Reading Skill during Primary School Period in Finland.
Kyostio, O. K.
A group of 767 children in Finland were studied over their first six years in school to discover what kind of variation there is in school readiness, what kind of development takes place in these variables during the basic school period, what relationship exists between these variables, to what extent heredity explains the differences, how far the differences depend on structural factors, and how far the variables can be explained by process variables. The children came from four northern and two southern communities, three rural and three urban. They were tested for intelligence, initial reading and mathematical abilities, social status, physical growth, and achievement and personality. Among the results were the following: intelligence and cognitive attainment correlated highly; clear differences in all the basic variables showed up, generally favoring the urban and southern districts; children in the rural northern areas gained most in reading skills, intelligence, and mathematical skills; intelligence was connected with literacy skills from the beginning; by the sixth grade, good readers were less neurotic and social; and the children in the northern areas who started behind the other children caught up by the end of the sixth grade. (TJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association World Congress on Reading (7th, Hamburg, West Germany, August 1-3, 1978) ; Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document