ERIC Number: ED164961
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Youth Unemployment: The Outlook and Some Policy Strategies. Budget Issue Paper for Fiscal Year 1979.
Iden, George; And Others
Nearly one-half of all unemployed persons in the U.S. today are between the ages of sixteen and twenty-four even though that age group accounts for only one-fourth of the total labor force. Unemployment among sixteen- to nineteen-year-olds is currently more than fifteen percent, and among twenty- to twenty-four-year-olds it exceeds ten percent. The projected decline in the size of the youth population will not significantly affect youth unemployment until approximately 1980, and even then the impact will not be sudden or dramatic. At present, the unemployment rate for nonwhite teenagers is almost three times the rate for white teenagers. Racial discrimination, inadequate skills and education, location in economically depressed areas, and intensified competition as a result of the rapid influx of white teenagers and adult women into the labor market are contributing factors. Results in this study suggest that (1) monetary and fiscal policies can be used to reduce youth unemployment, as well as unemployment in general; (2) government policies established for other purposes, such as increases in the minimum wage and in payroll taxes, reduce employment opportunities for teenagers; and (3) the data presented in this study on differences in unemployment rates among subgroups of youths may be useful in targeting youth employment programs. (Statistical tables are included.) (Author/CT)
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Demography, Educationally Disadvantaged, Employment Opportunities, Employment Projections, Employment Statistics, Financial Policy, Government Role, Job Skills, Labor Market, Minimum Wage Legislation, Minority Groups, Policy Formation, Racial Discrimination, Tables (Data), Tax Rates, Unemployment, Youth Employment, Youth Programs
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Congressional Budget Office.