ERIC Number: ED164659
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Achievement in the Philadelphia Public School System.
Moock, Peter R.; Rhodes, David
IRCD Bulletin, v13 n3 Sum 1978
An achievement study by Summers and Wolfe, published in 1975, is analyzed in this paper. The data set used in the study (three samples of students from 103 elementary, 42 junior high schools and 5 senior high schools) is described. Prior achievement research is outlined as it pertains to the Summers and Wolfe study. The main conclusions of the study listed are: (1) a student's motivation affects his or her learning; (2) instructors with 3 to 9 years of experience are particularly effective, but those having more than 10 years of experience reduce the rate of learning in mathematics; (3) "Head Start" participation does not improve a child's achievement growth by the latter half of elementary school; (4) elementary school students who test at grade level or lower perform better when they are with more high achieving students; and (5) black students perform better in smaller elementary schools and in junior high schools with larger black populations. Methodological errors in the study are pointed out, as are inconsistencies between tables and text, in an effort to dispel any misinterpretations of what is generally considered to be an influential piece of educational research. (Author/WI)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Educational Assessment, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Performance Factors, Research Methodology, Research Reviews (Publications), Student Motivation, Teacher Role
Institute of Urban and Minority Education, Box 46, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 ($1.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.
Identifiers: Pennsylvania (Philadelphia); Summers (A A); Wolfe (B L)