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ERIC Number: ED164585
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar-30
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Preschool Preposition Test: Developmental Screening for Head Start.
Aaronson, May; And Others
As a preschool screening instrument, the Preschool Preposition Test (PPT) can play an important role in the early identification of cognitive delay. PPT scores increase appropriately with chronological age. Cognitive data demonstrate impressive correlations with recognized intelligence tests (the Stanford-Binet and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test), and it correlates well with teachers' ratings of classroom performance. It has concurrent validity as a test of receptive language ability and predictive validity in areas designated as Verbal, Nonverbal and Quantitative Abilities on a test of cognitive abilities. The long term predictive power demonstrated in a third grade follow-up study of students from 10 Head Start classes is considered strong and unexpected in so brief and simple a screening tool. A possible link between PPT scores and the mother's nurturant and verbal behavior with her child is indicated from reports of parent-child relationships in three home-based intervention studies. Based on the investigation of five Head Start programs and one third grade follow-up study, it is concluded that administering the PPT a few weeks after the beginning of the school year provides useful identifying information about students likely to encounter scholastic difficulties. The PPT can be administered quickly by classroom staff or volunteers. Children earning the poorest scores should be assessed further to determine the underlying causes. Special needs can then be met early in the preschool year, helping students to overcome emerging difficulties which could develop into scholastically handicapping conditions. (Author/GDC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Prepositions; Preschool Preposition Test; Project Head Start
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (62nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March 27-31, 1978); For related document, see TM 008 325 ; Best copy available