ERIC Number: ED164375
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Reference Count: 0
The Development of Education in Nepal. Studies in Comparative Education. Bulletin 1965, No. 5.
Wood, Hugh B.
The historical, administrative, and structural status of education in Nepal is examined in this report. The introduction describes the country's geographic, historic, demographic, and economic background. Section II traces the development of education from religious training in the pre-Christian era through the post-1950 period of rapid educational expansion. Section III outlines the administrative organization at national and local levels. Section IV lists types of financial support and sources of revenue for schools. Sections V and VI describe the educational levels. Primary education is offered in six types of schools: (1) the Buddhist schools, designed primarily for training religious leaders; (2) the formal English schools, which are oriented to the study of Great Britain and India; (3) the Sanskrit schools, whose major emphasis is language; (4) the basic schools, which provide self-sufficiency through craftwork; (5) the vernacular schools; (6) and the national schools, which are similar to the basic schools. At the secondary level are multipurpose schools which emphasize general, cultural, and vocational education. Secondary education is also available in the English, basic, and Sanskrit schools. The status and quality of higher education and teacher training are discussed in sections VII and VIII. Specialized and vocational education described in section IX, covers areas of health, agriculture, home economics, forestry, industry, and engineering. Finally, adult education stresses literacy and includes vocational, civic, and fine and cultural arts education. A bibliography, a list of institutions of higher education, a chart of enrollment in educational programs, and a proposed educational pyramid conclude the document. (KC)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Asian Studies, Comparative Education, Curriculum Development, Developing Nations, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Finance, Educational History, Educational Practices, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Non Western Civilization, Postsecondary Education, Program Descriptions, Teacher Education, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Note: Some tables and charts may not reproduce clearly in hard copy due to small type size of original document