ERIC Number: ED164368
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Human Values and Educational Goals.
Sanders, M. J.
Four issues concerning human values in America will affect the formation of future educational goals. These issues have impact on the development of a values system and on the analytical thought process. First is the need to choose between an emphasis on liberty and an emphasis on equality. Present confusion in American society is illustrated by the point that those persons who are against allowing individuals to decide on abortions are the same ones who insist on individual rights in regard to housing and the hiring of personnel. Second, decision making needs to include those affected by the results of the decision. Presently, decision making at a national level involves local issues, such as the presence of nuclear energy plants in certain states. Third, we must be aware that some of the decisions we make will affect our children. For example, the highway system of the 1950s immediately alleviated unemployment, subsidized trucking, and increased mobility. However, it fostered the deterioration of the railroads and the building of a residential pattern that has made us car-dependent. Fourth, we need to recognize the limitations of our present legal system and to find other methods of resolving and defining conflicts. Therefore, schooling should be organized to give students those skills which would make them able to make consistent decisions. The teaching of analytical thought processes should begin by making the student aware of personal values that are compatible with societal living. We should give students many options for fulfillment by allowing for various bases of self-respect in more noncompetitive circumstances. (KC)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Civil Rights, Critical Thinking, Decision Making Skills, Educational Needs, Educational Objectives, Educational Problems, Futures (of Society), Individual Needs, Interpersonal Relationship, Local Issues, Moral Issues, Nontraditional Education, Political Attitudes, Political Issues, Social Attitudes, Social Change, Social Problems, Social Values, Values
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at First Meeting of the Education Section of the World Future Society (Houston, Texas, October 20-22, 1978); Not available in hard copy from EDRS due to poor reproducibility of original document