ERIC Number: ED164164
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Effects of the Recent Recession on the Labor Force Participation of Nonmetropolitan Women.
O'Leary, Jeanne M.
Expanding work opportunities, changing family structure, double digit inflation, and relaxed attitudes toward the appropriateness of women's work outside the home have contributed to increased labor force participation of women in recent years. Recent studies indicate that despite traditional attitudes ascribed to rural areas, trends in increasing labor force participation apply to nonmetro as well as to metro area women. To a large extent, growth in nonmetro women's labor force participation can be attributed to the increased number of manufacturing firms in rural areas. Although fluctuating within the recessionary period, labor force participation of both metro and nonmetro area women continued to increase from 1973 through 1976. It was, however, the differences between metro and nonmetro areas in patterns of and underlying reasons for fluctuations throughout the cycle which will be important to policy makers; the composition of both the labor force and the occupational and industrial distribution of opportunities determined the variations. Nonmetro areas have witnessed tremendous increases in the number of women employed, but these increases have resulted in greater concentrations of females in clerical, operative, and service related occupations, often thought of as "dead end" jobs. Without attention to job training and skills development, women may become more heavily concentrated in those jobs which are characterized by lower levels of pay and little chance for advancement. (BR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Nonmetropolitan Areas; Recession
Note: Not available in hard copy due to small print size of original document; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (San Francisco, California, September 1-3, 1978)