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ERIC Number: ED164126
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Dimensional Salience, Pretraining Task, and Developmental Level Upon Bidimensional Processing in a Matching Task.
Katsuyama, Ronald M.; Reid, Amy
Purposes of this study are to determine the effects of (1) preassessed dimensional salience upon performance in a bi-dimensional matching task, and (2) pretraining conditions expected to facilitate bi-dimensional processing. An additional aim was to elucidate a model of development involving changing salience hierarchies by comparing the effects of salience across three developmental levels. A matching salience assessment procedure was administered to 16 boys and 16 girls representing three developmental levels (nursery school, kindergarten, and first grade). A rank order salience hierarchy was assigned to each subject. The experiment was conducted approximately one month subsequent to salient assessment and utilized a 3 (developmental levels) X 2 (pretraining dimensions) X 2 (pretraining tasks) factorial design. Subjects were, on all tasks, required to identify from a set of four choice cards the "missing card" which was "most like" three sample cards. Although performance generally improved with age, small and nonsignificant developmental differences were obtained in the processing of more salient values. Developmental differences were primarily the result of differential evaluation and utilization of less salient information. Significant interactions establish that developmental differences, as well as less salient errors, were attenuated following relevant pretraining. Conclusions and implications are discussed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Filmed from best available copy; Paper presented at the Biennial Southeastern Conference on Human Development (4th, Nashville, Tennessee, April, 1976)