ERIC Number: ED164050
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Professional and Semi-Professional Organizations--A Comparison of the Degree of Participation Desired.
Cullers, Benjamin D.
Two educational organizations, a community junior college and a junior high school, were examined to ascertain the amount of participation desired by members of each organization. It was believed that the higher the degree of professional authority within the organization, i.e., the greater the length of training required of its members, the higher would be the degree of participation desired by its members. Study subjects consisted of two groups, 16 full-time community college instructors in the university transfer program and 19 junior high school teachers. Respondents were asked to indicate on Likert questionnaires the amount of participation they would like to have in six categories: leadership, motivation, communication, interaction-influence, decision-making, and performance skills, thus revealing preferences in these areas for exploitative authoritative, benevolent authoritative, consultative, or participatory administrative systems. Results indicated that the junior high school teachers desired a slightly greater amount of participation, though the difference was not significant. Findings, thus, appeared to support the idea that not all teachers or instructors desire a great amount of organizational participation because some members are not ready for in-depth participation. Such individuals may have a greater need for security, affiliation, or self-esteem than for participation in the affairs of the organization. A bibliography is included. (MB)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Community Colleges, Junior High Schools, Leadership, Management Systems, Organizational Theories, Professional Education, School Administration, School Surveys, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Background, Teacher Motivation, Teacher Participation, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Participatory Management