ERIC Number: ED163122
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Ability-Based Criteria and the Lower Class Student: The De Facto Screw.
Amato, Josephine; Backman, Carl B.
Social class discrimination in the schooling process is less a product of teachers' attitudes than of the systems by which schools group students. Although class bias has been demonstrated in grading practices and other key decision points, numerous studies have shown that teachers are less to blame for inequitable learning situations than tracking and curriculum decisions based on ability grouping. The ethnic bias of most intelligence tests indicates that ability placements are unfair. Class discrimination in tracking is shown by the fact that more lower class students than middle class students are placed in low groups. Once placed in a low group, students have a tendency to achieve less and to have very little upward mobility. Curriculum tracking is also discriminating in that it influences college choices, class rank, and scholarship aid. (WI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (71st, New York City, August, 1976); Not available in hard copy due to reproduction quality of the original document