ERIC Number: ED162952
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Cultural Systems and Lifestyles: The Impact of the Occupation of Shrimping on Family Life.
Crumrine, Janice G.; Nix, Harold L.
The findings of this second phase of a four-phase study of shrimp fishing focus on the effect of this occupation upon the family. Data were collected from a random sample of 87 boat captains, 73 wives, community personnel, and high school students in two Georgia coastal counties. The family structure reveals a traditional conception of male and female roles, with a high value placed on independence and autonomy. The demands and the dangerous nature of the job, along with long absences from home, create a high level of flexibility, a crisis orientation, and both competition and cooperation among fellow fishermen. The males, an "in group" in the community, identify their occupation with independence, strength, endurance, adventure, and communion with nature. To the men, the sea represents freedom from land and women. Opportunities for women are confined to marriage and family, and the women view these attainments as primary fulfillment. Those wishing to remain single and career-oriented are forced out of the community structure. The wives lead unstructured, independent lives and perceive the male presence with a degree of ambiguity; most women are the primary disciplinarians. Both males and females seek refuge from stress in same-sex friendships. In raising their families, conformity and obedience to parents are the most valued behaviors. While many aspire to a formal education for both sons and daughters, realistically they expect their children to attain a social status much like their own. One-third of the families expect their sons to become shrimp fishermen. (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Family Attitudes, Family Life, Family Relationship, Family Role, Family Structure, Females, Group Dynamics, Homemakers, Life Style, Males, Marriage, Occupational Surveys, Occupations, Parent Aspiration, Parent Influence, Parent Role, Relationship, Seafarers, Sex Role, Social Science Research, Social Values, Sociocultural Patterns
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, California, August, 1978)