ERIC Number: ED162431
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Planning and Managing the Physical Environment of Public Institutions. EFL Reports No. 29.
Educational Facilities Labs., Inc., New York, NY.
This issue contains the second of a two-part feature about European community school centers. The principal difference between the European and the American community school movements is that in almost all European nations the federal government supports them and takes an active part in their development. The article focuses on the forms of facilities and their administrative organization in Sweden and France. In Sweden most new developments are designed around small town centers. An example is given of a town center that contains a high school, medical center, sports hall, library, restaurant, and a complex of shops and stores with adjacent residential sections. The library, gymnasium, assembly hall, and medical center were designed to serve school and community simultaneously. In another Swedish town, community and school facilities are integrated into housing developments. The schools can be converted into housing when the need for primary schools begins to decline. The Kulturhuset is an expanded library, art gallery, and municipal services center built in the middle of Stockholm. In France new town projects have community facilities grouped around or close to a shopping center. The buildings and their programs are designed for intergenerational use according to the activity rather than according to the age or social characteristics of the users. (Author/MLF)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Facilities Labs., Inc., New York, NY.
Identifiers: Europe; France; Sweden
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