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ERIC Number: ED162358
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Communication and Self-Determination: Social Change among the Tlingit-Haida Tribes.
Carmack, William
The successful experience of the Tlingit-Haida Native Americans in dealing with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to develop self-determination is an instructive case study. Although the Federal BIA gave verbal encouragement to the tribes to assume their own program responsibilities, the tribes encountered continual blunting tactics from local BIA employees in Juneau who stood to be replaced by tribal members. The tribes had to appeal to the Washington level of the BIA on several occasions to deal with those problems. A second major difficulty was communication among the tribes since the villages are accessible only by boat, sea plane, and unreliable telephone service. However, in many areas, including housing and employment, the self-determination strategy of the Tlingit-Haida tribes has been highly effective. It may be the model for other tribes in adopting a policy of self-determination. (TJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bureau of Indian Affairs
Note: Paper presented at the Speech Communication Association Summer Conference on Intercultural Communication (Tampa, Florida, July 17-21, 1978)